Al-Rafidain Journal of Medical Sciences

Al-Rafidain Journal of Medical Sciences (AJMS) is a peer-reviewed international journal published by Al-Rafidain University College, Baghdad, Iraq. The journal’s full text is available online at  The journal allows free access (Open Access) to its contents and permits authors to self-archive the final accepted version of the articles on any compliant institutional/subject-based repository. Publishing in the AJMS complies with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and endorses the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as well as the GPP3 guidelines regarding authorship. Submission of a manuscript to the AJMS implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content and that the manuscript conforms to the journal’s policies. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Al-Rafidain University College. This is an open access journal issued under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( ).